Motivational interviewing (MI) refers to a counseling approach which evolved from experience in the treatment of problem drinkers. MI is a semi-directive, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior change by helping clients to explore and resolve ambivalence. Motivational Interviewing is a goal-directed. method that works on facilitating and engaging intrinsic motivation within the person in order to change behavior.
Motivational interviewing recognizes and accepts the fact that people who need to make changes in their lives approach counseling at different levels of readiness to change their behavior. MI is non-judgmental, non-confrontational and non-adversarial. The approach attempts to increase the person’s awareness of the potential problems caused, consequences experienced, and risks faced as a result of the behavior in question. Therapists help clients envision a better future, and become increasingly motivated to achieve it. The strategy seeks to help people think differently about their behavior and ultimately to consider what might be gained through change. Motivational interviewing focuses on the present, and entails working with a client to access motivation to change a particular behavior, that is not consistent with a client’s personal value or goal.